How to carry out equipment lubrication management in industrial enterprises

Equipment lubrication management refers to the comprehensive and reasonable organization and supervision of the lubrication of the equipment of the enterprise, and the realization of the reasonable lubrication and oil saving of the equipment according to the requirements of the technical specifications, so as to ensure the normal and safe operation of the equipment.

Lubrication management runs through the whole life cycle of the equipment. It is a systematic project. First of all, leaders should pay attention to it and establish and improve the organization and system of the enterprise to ensure it. Its specific content includes material management and technical management: material management refers to the work of lubricant procurement, transportation, inventory, distribution and waste oil disposal; Technical management refers to the selection, maintenance, analysis and detection of lubricants, and the analysis and treatment of lubrication faults. Effective implementation of lubrication management needs to grasp the following links:

(1) Establish and improve lubrication management organization

Establishing and improving the organization of lubrication management is the basis for realizing the purpose of lubrication management and implementing the whole process of lubrication management. From the practice of the enterprise for many years, it is an effective way to equip the equipment management departments at all levels with full-time and part-time equipment lubrication management personnel and establish lubrication stations at all levels. The whole process of lubrication management is implemented by the professional lubrication technical team as the technical backbone, completely changing the scattered and backward management carried out by thousands of equipment operators in the past.

(2) Formulate and implement various lubrication management systems

Lubrication management is a systematic project, which is very complex and detailed, involving all aspects. Various management systems must be formulated to standardize and ensure the lubrication management. At the same time, due to the different equipment owned by each enterprise, the different lubricating devices of the equipment and the different types of lubricants used, the corresponding management systems, especially the systems of use and detection, are very different. Therefore, when formulating the lubrication management system, it must be combined with the actual equipment of each unit, so that the formulated lubrication management system can be effectively implemented and implemented.

(3) Clarify the responsibilities of lubrication management-related personnel, especially the responsibilities of lubrication management technicians and lubrication workers

  1. Responsibilities of lubrication management technicians

(1) Formulate various lubrication management systems and the scope of work responsibilities of relevant personnel, frequently go to the grass-roots level, investigate and study, regularly summarize experience, find gaps, propose improvement management plans and be responsible for implementation, and gradually improve the level of lubrication management.

(2) Formulate equipment oil consumption quota and annual and quarterly oil consumption plan, submit it to the supply department for timely oil supply, and make statistics on its implementation. Instruct and inspect the lubrication workers, maintenance workers and operators to add oil or clean and change oil according to the lubrication specifications.

(3) Prepare lubrication charts and cards, guide the lubrication work of lubrication stations (points) and subordinate units, and hold lubrication meetings regularly. Organize lubricators, maintainers and operators to learn and communicate with each other in order to continuously improve their work.

  1. Responsibilities of lubricator

(1) Be familiar with equipment lubrication system and lubrication device. Correct oil lubrication according to the lubrication regulations and the “five fixed” requirements, and timely eliminate the lubrication fault. If it cannot be solved, timely notify the maintenance personnel to solve it.

(2) For oil leakage of equipment, it is necessary to check (find out the oil leakage point and amount), treat (handle the oil leakage part by yourself if you can), and pipe (manage the equipment properly, lubricate reasonably, and keep clean frequently).

(3) Guide operators to carry out daily maintenance of equipment and undertake regular maintenance.

(4) Strengthen the construction and management of lubrication stations and implement the “five fixed” lubrication

Lubrication station is an important organization and core of equipment lubrication management. In the long-term practice of equipment lubrication management, people have summarized the effective management method of “five fixed” lubrication. The so-called “five fixed” of lubrication refers to fixed point, fixed quality, fixed quantity, fixed period and fixed person, and its meaning is as follows:

Fixed point — determine the lubrication point of each equipment, keep it clean and intact, and implement fixed point oil supply;

Fixed quality — use oil according to lubrication regulations, lubricating materials and substitute oil shall be inspected and qualified, and lubricating devices and oiling appliances shall be kept clean;

Quantitative — on the basis of ensuring good lubrication, implement daily oil consumption quota and quantitative oil change, do a good job of waste oil recovery, control equipment oil leakage, prevent waste and save energy;

Regularly — add oil, replenish oil, clean and change oil according to the time specified in the lubrication regulations; Take samples of important equipment and equipment with large oil storage capacity for test at the specified time, and take countermeasures (cleaning, oil change, circulating filtration, etc.) according to the oil quality;

Appoint personnel — define the division of labor of operators, maintainers and lubricators in maintenance according to the lubrication regulations, perform their respective duties and cooperate with each other.

(5) Strengthen the technical inspection of lubrication status and do a good job in recycling waste oil

The technical inspection of lubrication status is an important work for the implementation of lubrication management. Through the technical inspection of equipment lubrication status, the first is that the oil can be changed according to the quality to reduce the occurrence of equipment lubrication failure; The second is to be able to find the hidden danger of lubrication in time, eliminate the fault and prevent the occurrence of major accidents.

(6) Establish and improve equipment lubrication data files and do a good job in information processing

Equipment lubrication data file is the basis for implementing equipment lubrication management, and the basic basis for determining lubrication methods and selecting lubricating grease. The equipment lubrication data file mainly includes the basic structure and related parameters of the equipment, lubrication parts, lubrication requirements, lubricating grease and other basic information of equipment lubrication? Information can be obtained from equipment operation instructions, drawings and relevant data in actual work. The above information shall be filed according to the equipment model and type.

At the same time, according to the actual needs of the equipment lubrication management, the lubricating grease purchase account, the lubricating grease quality inspection account and the equipment oil change account should also be established. In addition, the equipment operation record shall include the records of lubricating grease refueling, oil replenishment and oil change. In order to reflect the effect of equipment lubrication management, relevant information processing should be carried out to find problems, summarize rules, and guide the improvement and improvement of lubrication management.

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